**Option A:** steel

**Option B:** invar

**Option C:** linen

**Option D:** cloth and wires

**Correct Answer: **cloth and wires ✔

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**Option A:** only (1)

**Option B:** (1) and (2)

**Option C:** (2) and (3)

**Option D:** (1), (2) and (3)

**Correct Answer: **(2) and (3) ✔

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**Option A:** (1) and (2)

**Option B:** (3) and (4)

**Option C:** (2) and (4)

**Option D:** (1) and (3)

**Correct Answer: **(2) and (4) ✔

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**Option A:** (1), (2),(3)

**Option B:** (1), (3), (2)

**Option C:** (3), (1), (2)

**Option D:** (2), (3), (1)

**Correct Answer: **(1), (3), (2) ✔

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**Option A:** deflection angle

**Option B:** included angle

**Option C:** direct angle

**Option D:** none of the above

**Correct Answer: **deflection angle ✔

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**Option A:** levelling

**Option B:** measurement of horizontal distances in plane areas

**Option C:** measurement of horizontal distances in undulated areas

**Option D:** measurement of angles

**Correct Answer: **measurement of horizontal distances in undulated areas ✔

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**Option A:** compound curve

**Option B:** vertical curve

**Option C:** reverse curve

**Option D:** transition curve

**Correct Answer: **transition curve ✔

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**Option A:** 7.5 m

**Option B:** 25 m

**Option C:** 50

**Option D:** 75 m

**Correct Answer: **75 m ✔

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**Option A:** 0.1

**Option B:** 0.4

**Option C:** 0.6

**Option D:** 1.33

**Correct Answer: **0.4 ✔

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**Option A:** compound curve

**Option B:** transition curve

**Option C:** reverse curve

**Option D:** vertical curve

**Correct Answer: **vertical curve ✔

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**Option A:** 0 and 100

**Option B:** 100 and 0

**Option C:** 0 and 0

**Option D:** 100 and 100

**Correct Answer: **0 and 100 ✔

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**Option A:** one

**Option B:** two

**Option C:** three

**Option D:** four

**Correct Answer: **three ✔

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**Option A:** measuring angle and distance from one transit station

**Option B:** measuring angles to the point from at least two stations

**Option C:** measuring angle at one station and distance from other

**Option D:** measuring distance from two points on traverse line

**Correct Answer: **measuring angles to the point from at least two stations ✔

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**Option A:** require slope correction

**Option B:** require tension correction

**Option C:** require slope and tension corrections

**Option D:** do not require slope and tension corrections

**Correct Answer: **require slope and tension corrections ✔

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**Option A:** linear and angular measurements of the traverse are of equal accuracy

**Option B:** angular measurements are more accurate than linear measurements

**Option C:** linear measurements are more accurate than angular measurements

**Option D:** all of the above

**Correct Answer: **angular measurements are more accurate than linear measurements ✔

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**Option A:** NE quadrant

**Option B:** SE quadrant

**Option C:** NW quadrant

**Option D:** SW quadrant

**Correct Answer: **SE quadrant ✔

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**Option A:** gives more accurate problem

**Option B:** takes less time

**Option C:** requires more labour

**Option D:** none of the above

**Correct Answer: **requires more labour ✔

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**Option A:** spirit level

**Option B:** alidade

**Option C:** plumbing fork

**Option D:** trough compass

**Correct Answer: **plumbing fork ✔

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**Option A:** Contour interval on any map is kept constant

**Option B:** Direct method of contouring is cheap¬er than indirect method

**Option C:** Inter-visibility of points on a contour map cannot be ascertained

**Option D:** Slope of a hill cannot be determined with the help of contours

**Correct Answer: **Contour interval on any map is kept constant ✔

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**Option A:** radiation

**Option B:** intersection

**Option C:** traversing

**Option D:** resection

**Correct Answer: **intersection ✔

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**Option A:** +50 m, +86.6 m

**Option B:** +86.6 m, -50 m

**Option C:** +50m, -86.6 m

**Option D:** +70.7 m,-50 m

**Correct Answer: **+86.6 m, -50 m ✔

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**Option A:** an open traverse for graphical adjustment

**Option B:** a closed traverse for adjustment of closing error

**Option C:** determine the effect of local attraction

**Option D:** none of the above

**Correct Answer: **a closed traverse for adjustment of closing error ✔

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**Option A:** radiation

**Option B:** intersection

**Option C:** resection

**Option D:** traversing

**Correct Answer: **resection ✔

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**Option A:** resection

**Option B:** orientation

**Option C:** traversing

**Option D:** resection and orientation

**Correct Answer: **resection ✔

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**Option A:** 750 mm x 900 mm

**Option B:** 600 mm x 750 mm

**Option C:** 450 mm x 600 mm

**Option D:** 300 mm x 450 mm

**Correct Answer: **600 mm x 750 mm ✔

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**Option A:** radiation

**Option B:** traversing

**Option C:** resection

**Option D:** all of the above

**Correct Answer: **radiation ✔

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**Option A:** tacheomefry

**Option B:** trigonometrical levelling

**Option C:** plane table surveying

**Option D:** theodolite surveying

**Correct Answer: **plane table surveying ✔

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**Option A:** Tracing paper method

**Option B:** Bessels method

**Option C:** Lehman’s method

**Option D:** all of the above

**Correct Answer: **all of the above ✔

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**Option A:** forests

**Option B:** urban areas

**Option C:** hilly areas

**Option D:** plains

**Correct Answer: **hilly areas ✔

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**Option A:** hypsometry

**Option B:** barometric levelling

**Option C:** spirit levelling

**Option D:** trigonometrical levelling

**Correct Answer: **spirit levelling ✔

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**Option A:** steep slope

**Option B:** gentle slope

**Option C:** uniform slope

**Option D:** plane surface

**Correct Answer: **steep slope ✔

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**Option A:** depression

**Option B:** hillock

**Option C:** plain surface

**Option D:** none of the above

**Correct Answer: **hillock ✔

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**Option A:** a quick method

**Option B:** adopted for large surveys only

**Option C:** most accurate method

**Option D:** suitable for hilly terrains

**Correct Answer: **most accurate method ✔

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**Option A:** direct method

**Option B:** square method

**Option C:** cross-sections method

**Option D:** tacheometric method

**Correct Answer: **tacheometric method ✔

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**Option A:** ranging

**Option B:** centring

**Option C:** horizontal control

**Option D:** vertical control

**Correct Answer: **vertical control ✔

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**Option A:** A contour is not necessarily a closed curve

**Option B:** A contour represents a ridge line if the concave side of lower value con¬tour lies towards the higher value contour

**Option C:** Two contours of different elevations do not cross each other except in case of an overhanging cliff

**Option D:** All of the above statements are correct

**Correct Answer: **Two contours of different elevations do not cross each other except in case of an overhanging cliff ✔

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**Option A:** contour line

**Option B:** horizontal equivalent

**Option C:** contour interval

**Option D:** contour gradient

**Correct Answer: **contour gradient ✔

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**Option A:** equidistant from A and B

**Option B:** closer to the higher station

**Option C:** closer to the lower station

**Option D:** as far as possible from the line AB

**Correct Answer: **equidistant from A and B ✔

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**Option A:** radius of level tube

**Option B:** length of level tube

**Option C:** length of bubble of level tube

**Option D:** none of the above

**Correct Answer: **radius of level tube ✔

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**Option A:** the instrument is to be shifted frequently

**Option B:** fly levelling is being done over long distance

**Option C:** many readings are to be taken from a single setting of the instrument

**Option D:** all of the above

**Correct Answer: **many readings are to be taken from a single setting of the instrument ✔

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**Option A:** inversely proportional to the scale of the map

**Option B:** directly proportional to the flatness of ground

**Option C:** larger for accurate works

**Option D:** larger if the time available is more

**Correct Answer: **inversely proportional to the scale of the map ✔

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**Option A:** 2 m

**Option B:** 5m

**Option C:** 10 m

**Option D:** 20 m

**Correct Answer: **2 m ✔

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**Option A:** 94.80 m

**Option B:** 99.71 m

**Option C:** 100.29 m

**Option D:** 105.20 m

**Correct Answer: **105.20 m ✔

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**Option A:** decreases

**Option B:** increases

**Option C:** remains unaffected

**Option D:** none of the above

**Correct Answer: **decreases ✔

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**Option A:** level line is a curved line while hori-zontal line is a straight line

**Option B:** level line is normal to plumb line while horizontal line may not be normal to plumb line at the tangent point to level line

**Option C:** horizontal line is normal to plumb line while level line may not be normal to the plumb line

**Option D:** both are same

**Correct Answer: **level line is a curved line while hori-zontal line is a straight line ✔

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**Option A:** is less.accurate than height of instrument method

**Option B:** is not suitable for levelling with tilting levels

**Option C:** provides a check on the reduction of intermediate point levels

**Option D:** quicker and less tedious for large number of intermediate sights

**Correct Answer: **provides a check on the reduction of intermediate point levels ✔

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**Option A:** error due to curvature only

**Option B:** error due to refraction only

**Option C:** error due to both curvature and re-fraction

**Option D:** none of the above

**Correct Answer: **error due to both curvature and re-fraction ✔

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**Option A:** true R.L

**Option B:** more than true R.L

**Option C:** less than true R.L

**Option D:** none of the above

**Correct Answer: **true R.L ✔

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**Option A:** increasing the diameter of the tube

**Option B:** decreasing the length of bubble

**Option C:** increasing the viscosity of liquid

**Option D:** decreasing the radius of curvature of tube

**Correct Answer: **increasing the diameter of the tube ✔

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**Option A:** completely eliminates curvature correction

**Option B:** partially eliminates curvature correction

**Option C:** adds to the curvature correction

**Option D:** has no effect on curvature correction

**Correct Answer: **partially eliminates curvature correction ✔

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**Option A:** 98.70

**Option B:** 100.00

**Option C:** 102.30

**Option D:** 103.30

**Correct Answer: **100.00 ✔

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**Option A:** 99.345 m

**Option B:** 100.345 m

**Option C:** 100.655m

**Option D:** 101.870m

**Correct Answer: **99.345 m ✔

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**Option A:** foresight only

**Option B:** backsight only

**Option C:** foresight and backsight

**Option D:** foresight and intermediate sight

**Correct Answer: **foresight and backsight ✔

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**Option A:** error due to imperfect graduations

**Option B:** error due to eccentricity of verniers

**Option C:** error due to imperfect adjustment of plate levels

**Option D:** error due to line of collimation not being perpendicular to horizontal axis

**Correct Answer: **error due to line of collimation not being perpendicular to horizontal axis ✔

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**Option A:** only (1)

**Option B:** both (1) and (4)

**Option C:** only (3)

**Option D:** both (2) and (3)

**Correct Answer: **both (1) and (4) ✔

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**Option A:** tightening the capstan-headed nuts of level tube

**Option B:** measurement of horizontal angles only

**Option C:** measurement of vertical angles only

**Option D:** measurement of both horizontal and vertical angles

**Correct Answer: **measurement of both horizontal and vertical angles ✔

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**Option A:** error due to horizontal axis not being perpendicular to the vertical axis

**Option B:** index error i.e. error due to imperfect adjustment of the vertical circle vernier

**Option C:** error due to non-parallelism of the axis of telescope level and line of collimation

**Option D:** none of the above

**Correct Answer: **none of the above ✔

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**Option A:** equal to true error

**Option B:** half the true error

**Option C:** two times the true error

**Option D:** four times the true error

**Correct Answer: **four times the true error ✔

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**Option A:** increase

**Option B:** decrease

**Option C:** not change

**Option D:** either ‘a’ or ‘b’

**Correct Answer: **increase ✔

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**Option A:** horizontal line

**Option B:** line parallel to the mean spheriodal surface of earth

**Option C:** line passing through the center of cross hairs and the center of eye piece

**Option D:** line passing through the objective lens and the eye-piece of a dumpy or tilting level

**Correct Answer: **line parallel to the mean spheriodal surface of earth ✔

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**Option A:** backsight

**Option B:** intermediate sight

**Option C:** foresight

**Option D:** all of the above

**Correct Answer: **all of the above ✔

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**Option A:** concave

**Option B:** convex

**Option C:** plano-convex

**Option D:** plano-concave

**Correct Answer: **concave ✔

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**Option A:** reading both verniers and taking the mean of the two

**Option B:** taking both face observations and taking the mean of the two

**Option C:** double sighting

**Option D:** taking mean of several readings distributed over different portions of the graduated circle

**Correct Answer: **reading both verniers and taking the mean of the two ✔

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**Option A:** leveling

**Option B:** prolonging a straight line

**Option C:** measurement of horizontal angles

**Option D:** all of the above

**Correct Answer: **leveling ✔

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**Option A:** midway between eye piece and objec¬tive lens

**Option B:** much closer to the eye-piece than to the objective lens

**Option C:** much closer to the objective lens than to the eye piece

**Option D:** anywhere between eye-piece and objective lens

**Correct Answer: **much closer to the eye-piece than to the objective lens ✔

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**Option A:** error due to eccentricity of verniers

**Option B:** error due to displacement of station signals

**Option C:** error due to wrong adjustment of line of collimation and trunnion axis

**Option D:** error due to inaccurate graduation

**Correct Answer: **error due to displacement of station signals ✔

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**Option A:** adjustment of plate levels

**Option B:** adjustment of line of sight

**Option C:** adjustment of horizontal axis

**Option D:** adjustment of altitude bubble and vertical index frame

**Correct Answer: **adjustment of horizontal axis ✔

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**Option A:** on its outer spindle with a relative motion between the vernier and graduated scale of lower plate

**Option B:** on its outer spindle without a relative motion between the vernier and gra-duated scale of lower plate

**Option C:** on its inner spindle with a relative motion between the vernier and the graduated scale of lower plate

**Option D:** on its inner spindle without a relative motion between the vernier and the graduated scale of lower plate

**Correct Answer: **on its inner spindle with a relative motion between the vernier and the graduated scale of lower plate ✔

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**Option A:** the length of telescope

**Option B:** the diameter of vertical circle

**Option C:** the diameter of lower plate

**Option D:** the diameter of upper plate

**Correct Answer: **the diameter of lower plate ✔

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**Option A:** vertical circle is to its right and the bubble of the telescope is down

**Option B:** vertical circle is to its right and the bubble of the telescope is up

**Option C:** vertical circle is to its left and the bubble of the telescope is down

**Option D:** vertical circle is to its left and the bubble of the telescope is up

**Correct Answer: **vertical circle is to its right and the bubble of the telescope is down ✔

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**Option A:** to support the main part of the instrument

**Option B:** to attach the theodolite to the tripod

**Option C:** to provide a means for leveling the theodolite

**Option D:** none of the above

**Correct Answer: **none of the above ✔

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**Option A:** transiting

**Option B:** reversing

**Option C:** plunging

**Option D:** swinging

**Correct Answer: **swinging ✔

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**Option A:** (1) and (3)

**Option B:** (1) and (4)

**Option C:** (2) and (3)

**Option D:** (2) and (4)

**Correct Answer: **1. ✔

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**Option A:** 77° N

**Option B:** 23° S

**Option C:** 13° E

**Option D:** 13° W

**Correct Answer: **13° E ✔

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**Option A:** cross staff

**Option B:** level

**Option C:** chain

**Option D:** prismatic compass

**Correct Answer: **prismatic compass ✔

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**Option A:** eastern side of the true meridian

**Option B:** western side of the true meridian

**Option C:** southern side of the true meridian

**Option D:** none of the above

**Correct Answer: **western side of the true meridian ✔

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**Option A:** give whole circle bearing (WCB. of a line and quadrantal bearing (QB. of a line respectively

**Option B:** both give QB of a line and WCB of a line

**Option C:** both give QB of a line

**Option D:** both give WCB of a line

**Correct Answer: **A. give whole circle bearing (WCB. of a line and quadrantal bearing (QB. of a line respectively ✔

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**Option A:** incorrect levelling of the magnetic needle

**Option B:** loss of magnetism of the needle

**Option C:** friction of the needle at the pivot

**Option D:** presence of magnetic substances near the instrument

**Correct Answer: **presence of magnetic substances near the instrument ✔

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## The horizontal angle between the true meridian and magnetic meridian at a place is called__________?

**Option A:** azimuth

**Option B:** declination

**Option C:** local attraction

**Option D:** magnetic bearing

**Correct Answer: **declination ✔

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## In the quadrantal bearing system, a whole circle bearing of 293° 30′ can be expressed as__________?

**Option A:** W23°30’N

**Option B:** N66°30’W

**Option C:** S113°30’N

**Option D:** N23°30’W

**Correct Answer: **N66°30’W ✔

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**Option A:** the magnetic needle moves with the box

**Option B:** the line of the sight does not move with the box

**Option C:** the magnetic needle and graduated circle do not move with the box

**Option D:** the graduated circle is fixed to the box and the magnetic needle always remains in the N-S direction

**Correct Answer: **the magnetic needle and graduated circle do not move with the box ✔

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**Option A:** is lighter than chain

**Option B:** is easier to handle

**Option C:** is practically inextensible and is not liable to kinks when in use

**Option D:** can be easily repaired in the field

**Correct Answer: **is practically inextensible and is not liable to kinks when in use ✔

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**Option A:** The true meridians at different places are parallel to each other

**Option B:** The true meridian at any place is not variable

**Option C:** The true meridians converge to a point in northern and southern hemispheres

**Option D:** The maps prepared by national survey departments of any country are based on true meridians

**Correct Answer: **The true meridians at different places are parallel to each other ✔

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**Option A:** ±2 mm

**Option B:** ±3 mm

**Option C:** ±5 mm

**Option D:** ±8 mm

**Correct Answer: **±5 mm ✔

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**Option A:** centre of one handle to centre of other handle

**Option B:** outside of one handle to outside of other handle

**Option C:** outside of one handle to inside of other handle

**Option D:** inside of one handle to inside of other handle

**Correct Answer: **outside of one handle to outside of other handle ✔

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**Option A:** 0° 30′

**Option B:** 89° 30′

**Option C:** 90° 30′

**Option D:** 269° 30′

**Correct Answer: **0° 30′ ✔

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**Option A:** the forebearing of AB and back bearing of AB differ by 180°

**Option B:** the forebearing of AB and back bearing of BA differ by 180°

**Option C:** both (A. and (B. are correct.

**Option D:** none is correct

**Correct Answer: **the forebearing of AB and back bearing of AB differ by 180° ✔

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**Option A:** line ranger

**Option B:** steel tape

**Option C:** optical square

**Option D:** cross staff

**Correct Answer: **line ranger ✔

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**Option A:** measuring approximate horizontal angles

**Option B:** setting out right angles

**Option C:** measuring bearings of the lines

**Option D:** none of the above

**Correct Answer: **setting out right angles ✔

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**Option A:** straightening the links

**Option B:** removing one or more small circular rings

**Option C:** closing the joints of the rings if opened out

**Option D:** all of the above

**Correct Answer: **straightening the links ✔

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**Option A:** is used at the time of standardising the tape

**Option B:** neutralizes the effect due to pull and sag

**Option C:** makes the correction due to sag equal to zero

**Option D:** makes the correction due to pull equal to zero

**Correct Answer: **neutralizes the effect due to pull and sag ✔

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## The permissible error in chaining for measurement with chain on rough or hilly ground is__________?

**Option A:** 1 in 100

**Option B:** 1 in 250

**Option C:** 1 in 500

**Option D:** 1 in 1000

**Correct Answer: **1 in 250 ✔

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**Option A:** 45° only

**Option B:** 90° only

**Option C:** either 45° or 90°

**Option D:** any angle

**Correct Answer: **either 45° or 90° ✔

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**Option A:** 30°

**Option B:** 45°

**Option C:** 60°

**Option D:** 90°

**Correct Answer: **45° ✔

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**Option A:** 4 chains

**Option B:** 6 chains

**Option C:** 120 m

**Option D:** 180m

**Correct Answer: **6 chains ✔

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**Option A:** 20°

**Option B:** 30°

**Option C:** 45°

**Option D:** 60°

**Correct Answer: **30° ✔

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**Option A:** degree of accuracy required

**Option B:** method of setting out the perpendiculars and nature of ground

**Option C:** scale of plotting

**Option D:** all of the above

**Correct Answer: **all of the above ✔

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**Option A:** method of perpendicular offsets

**Option B:** method of oblique offsets

**Option C:** method of ties

**Option D:** all involve equal measurement on the ground

**Correct Answer: **method of perpendicular offsets ✔

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**Option A:** always additive

**Option B:** always subtractive

**Option C:** always zero

**Option D:** sometimes additive and sometimes subtractive

**Correct Answer: **always subtractive ✔

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