**Option A:** 7.1 persons

**Option B:** 11 persons

**Option C:** 13 persons

**Option D:** 14 persons

**Correct Answer: **7.1 persons ✔

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**Option A:** 1978

**Option B:** 1988

**Option C:** 1998

**Option D:** 2000

**Correct Answer: **1998 ✔

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**Option A:** 1858

**Option B:** 1869

**Option C:** 1881

**Option D:** 1901

**Correct Answer: **1881 ✔

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**Option A:** K.P.K

**Option B:** Punjab

**Option C:** Baluchistan

**Option D:** Sindh

**Correct Answer: **Baluchistan ✔

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**Option A:** Urdu

**Option B:** Panjabi

**Option C:** Sindhi

**Option D:** Pushto

**Correct Answer: **Panjabi ✔

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**Option A:** Agriculture

**Option B:** Industry

**Option C:** Trade

**Option D:** Civil Service

**Correct Answer: **Civil Service ✔

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**Option A:** K.P.K

**Option B:** Sindh

**Option C:** Punjab

**Option D:** Baluchistan

**Correct Answer: **Sindh ✔

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**Option A:** 630

**Option B:** 780

**Option C:** 882

**Option D:** 990

**Correct Answer: **882 ✔

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**Option A:** 18 per sq. Km

**Option B:** 28 per sq. Km

**Option C:** 39 per sq. Km

**Option D:** 59 per sq. Km

**Correct Answer: **18 per sq. Km ✔

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**Option A:** 212 per sq. Km

**Option B:** 239 per sq. Km

**Option C:** 270 per sq. Km

**Option D:** 305 per sq. Km

**Correct Answer: **212 per sq. Km ✔

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**Option A:** Baluchistan

**Option B:** Punjab

**Option C:** K.P.K

**Option D:** Sindh

**Correct Answer: **Punjab ✔

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**Option A:** 30.5 per 1000

**Option B:** 35.4 per 1000

**Option C:** 32.5 per 1000

**Option D:** 31.8 per 1000

**Correct Answer: **30.5 per 1000 ✔

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**Option A:** 1.8%

**Option B:** 2.7%

**Option C:** 2.6%

**Option D:** 2.9%

**Correct Answer: **1.8% ✔

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**Option A:** 25%

**Option B:** 22%

**Option C:** 23%

**Option D:** 28%

**Correct Answer: **23% ✔

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**Option A:** 49%

**Option B:** 50%

**Option C:** 46%

**Option D:** 52%

**Correct Answer: **46% ✔

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**Option A:** 8.5%

**Option B:** 9.6%

**Option C:** 6.6%

**Option D:** 7.8%

**Correct Answer: **6.6% ✔

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**Option A:** 164 persons per square KM

**Option B:** 185 persons per square KM

**Option C:** 150 persons per square KM

**Option D:** 158 persons per square KM

**Correct Answer: **164 persons per square KM ✔

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**Option A:** 61.8%

**Option B:** 67.5%

**Option C:** 59.6%

**Option D:** 74.8%

**Correct Answer: **67.5% ✔

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**Option A:** Punjab

**Option B:** K.P.K

**Option C:** Azad Kashmir

**Option D:** Sindh

**Correct Answer: **Punjab ✔

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**Option A:** 60 infant

**Option B:** 70 infant

**Option C:** 100 infant

**Option D:** 120 infant

**Correct Answer: **70 infant ✔

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**Option A:** 2.61%

**Option B:** 3.70%

**Option C:** 3.90%

**Option D:** 4.10%

**Correct Answer: **2.61% ✔

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**Option A:** 1948

**Option B:** 1951

**Option C:** 1959

**Option D:** 1961

**Correct Answer: **1951 ✔

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**Option A:** Ten years

**Option B:** Fifteen years

**Option C:** Twenty years

**Option D:** Twenty-five years

**Correct Answer: **Ten years ✔

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**Option A:** 38%

**Option B:** 48%

**Option C:** 58%

**Option D:** 68%

**Correct Answer: **48% ✔

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**Option A:** 45%

**Option B:** 55%

**Option C:** 65%

**Option D:** 70%

**Correct Answer: **45% ✔

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**Option A:** Industry

**Option B:** Agriculture

**Option C:** Trade

**Option D:** Mines

**Correct Answer: **Agriculture ✔

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**Option A:** 115

**Option B:** 170

**Option C:** 190

**Option D:** 230

**Correct Answer: **115 ✔

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**Option A:** Punjab

**Option B:** FATA

**Option C:** Islamabad

**Option D:** Sindh

**Correct Answer: **Islamabad ✔

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**Option A:** 196 per sq. Km

**Option B:** 235 per sq. Km

**Option C:** 270 per sq. Km

**Option D:** 291 per sq. Km

**Correct Answer: **235 per sq. Km ✔

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**Option A:** 211 per sq. Km

**Option B:** 270 per sq. Km

**Option C:** 305 per sq. Km

**Option D:** 353 per sq. Km

**Correct Answer: **353 per sq. Km ✔

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**Option A:** Punjab

**Option B:** K.P.K

**Option C:** Baluchistan

**Option D:** Sindh

**Correct Answer: **Sindh ✔

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**Option A:** 2.42 million

**Option B:** 2.82 million

**Option C:** 2.76 million

**Option D:** 2.65 million

**Correct Answer: **2.42 million ✔

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**Option A:** 6.4 per 1000

**Option B:** 8.6 per 1000

**Option C:** 9.8 per 1000

**Option D:** 5.6 per 1000

**Correct Answer: **8.6 per 1000 ✔

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**Option A:** 2.8%

**Option B:** 2.3%

**Option C:** 2.7%

**Option D:** 2.6%

**Correct Answer: **2.3% ✔

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**Option A:** 50%

**Option B:** 45%

**Option C:** 48%

**Option D:** 55%

**Correct Answer: **50% ✔

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**Option A:** Islamabad

**Option B:** Punjab

**Option C:** Sindh

**Option D:** FATA

**Correct Answer: **Islamabad ✔

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**Option A:** 15.5%

**Option B:** 13.4%

**Option C:** 14.8%

**Option D:** 12.7%

**Correct Answer: **13.4% ✔

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**Option A:** 60.4%

**Option B:** 55.5%

**Option C:** 65.5%

**Option D:** 68.4%

**Correct Answer: **55.5% ✔

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**Option A:** 38.6%

**Option B:** 42.6%

**Option C:** 41.0%

**Option D:** 32.5%

**Correct Answer: **32.5% ✔

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**Option A:** 142.5 million

**Option B:** 148.5 million

**Option C:** 151.0 million

**Option D:** 145.4 million

**Correct Answer: **142.5 million ✔

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**Option A:** 8th

**Option B:** 10th

**Option C:** 11th

**Option D:** 6th

**Correct Answer: **6th ✔

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**Option A:** I and III only

**Option B:** II and III only

**Option C:** I, II and III only

**Option D:** I, II, III and IV

**Correct Answer: **I, II, III and IV ✔

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**Option A:** high-yielding varieties (HYVs) of grains

**Option B:** Polio and small-pox vaccinations.

**Option C:** the campaign against river blindness

**Option D:** the drilling of oil in the Arctic

**Correct Answer: **Polio and small-pox vaccinations. ✔

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**Option A:** Boys as young as 8 years old tend or herd animals, weed pick and sell produce

**Option B:** Children place more economic demands on a peasant family than an urban family

**Option C:** Major financial security is usually provided by sons

**Option D:** The cost of education entertainment and travel is low

**Correct Answer: **Children place more economic demands on a peasant family than an urban family ✔

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**Option A:** The total number of children born in a country in given year a divided by labor force

**Option B:** The number of children born to the average woman during her reproductive years.

**Option C:** The number of births in a country divided by total population in a given year.

**Option D:** The number of woman age 15-45 in a country divided by total population

**Correct Answer: **The number of children born to the average woman during her reproductive years. ✔

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**Option A:** the agribusiness revolution

**Option B:** farming system theory

**Option C:** the Green Revolution

**Option D:** Agri-R&D

**Correct Answer: **the Green Revolution ✔

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**Option A:** population self-sufficiency and constant economic growth

**Option B:** low fertility and mortality

**Option C:** a laissez-faire population policy

**Option D:** a constant returns to scale production function

**Correct Answer: **a laissez-faire population policy ✔

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**Option A:** The World Bank

**Option B:** Thomas Robert Malthus

**Option C:** Julian Simon

**Option D:** Abraham Lincoin

**Correct Answer: **Thomas Robert Malthus ✔

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**Option A:** increasing at an increasing rate

**Option B:** decreasing

**Option C:** zero

**Option D:** 100%

**Correct Answer: **zero ✔

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**Option A:** labor force participation rate

**Option B:** per capita population ratio

**Option C:** dependency ratio

**Option D:** None of these

**Correct Answer: **dependency ratio ✔

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**Option A:** reduce yield losses by pests while minimizing the negative effects of pest control

**Option B:** have year-round plantings of a single crop

**Option C:** undertake monoculture pest planning

**Option D:** encompass biological control through fertilizers

**Correct Answer: **reduce yield losses by pests while minimizing the negative effects of pest control ✔

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**Option A:** I only

**Option B:** I and II only

**Option C:** III and IV only

**Option D:** Iv only

**Correct Answer: **I only ✔

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**Option A:** supported the Club of Rome’s Limits to Growth for estimating technical change

**Option B:** assumed that population growth causes technological progress

**Option C:** used the second law of thermodynamics to assume that technological progress is costless

**Option D:** assumed the classical view of technological change 6

**Correct Answer: **assumed the classical view of technological change 6 ✔

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**Option A:** a decline in fertility

**Option B:** The demographic transition from stage 3 to stage 2

**Option C:** increases in the ratio of labor to capital

**Option D:** an increase in the dependency ratio

**Correct Answer: **a decline in fertility ✔

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**Option A:** 40%

**Option B:** 10%

**Option C:** 80%

**Option D:** 0.10%

**Correct Answer: **40% ✔

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**Option A:** increased proportionally to economic growth

**Option B:** increased geometrically, outstripping food supply which grew arithmetically

**Option C:** increased stagnantly with food supply and economic development

**Option D:** increased disproportionately surpassing agricultural production

**Correct Answer: **increased geometrically, outstripping food supply which grew arithmetically ✔

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**Option A:** 80%

**Option B:** 50%

**Option C:** 25%

**Option D:** 35%

**Correct Answer: **80% ✔

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## Which of the following is not a possible cost of high fertility rates and rapid population growth ?

**Option A:** increasing returns to natural resources with a direct impact on average food consumption

**Option B:** increased urbanization and congestion

**Option C:** a higher labor force growth rate and higher unemployment

**Option D:** a working population that must support a large number of dependents

**Correct Answer: **increasing returns to natural resources with a direct impact on average food consumption ✔

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**Option A:** 10%

**Option B:** 0.002%

**Option C:** 2%

**Option D:** 0.5%

**Correct Answer: **0.002% ✔

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**Option A:** demographic transition

**Option B:** population maturity

**Option C:** demobilizing population

**Option D:** birth-death transformation

**Correct Answer: **demographic transition ✔

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