A. An essential part of the forest ecosystem
B. Some are beneficial; quite a few are serious pests of trees and wood products
C. Tonica inviferana, a semal shoot borer, Ascotis imparata,
D. A bakain defoliator and Margaronia phloalis a defoliator of mulberry are serious pests of other tree species grown in forest plantations
E. All of the above

Correct Answer: All of the above

Last Updated: May 22, 2024