**Option A:** Just above the freezing point

**Option B:** At the freezing point

**Option C:** Below the freezing point

**Option D:** None of these

**Correct Answer: **Below the freezing point ✔

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**Option A:** 40mm

**Option B:** 60mm

**Option C:** 80mm

**Option D:** 100mm

**Correct Answer: **60mm ✔

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**Option A:** bending moment due to 2.5% of the column load

**Option B:** shear force due to 2.5% of the column load

**Option C:** 2.5% of the column load

**Option D:** both (A) and (B)

**Correct Answer: **shear force due to 2.5% of the column load ✔

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**Option A:** only (i)

**Option B:** only (iii)

**Option C:** (i) and (ii)

**Option D:** (ii) and (iii)

**Correct Answer: **(i) and (ii) ✔

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**Option A:** minimum weight

**Option B:** minimum depth

**Option C:** maximum weight

**Option D:** minimum thickness of web

**Correct Answer: **minimum weight ✔

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**Option A:** shear buckling of web plate

**Option B:** compression buckling of web plate

**Option C:** yielding

**Option D:** all of the above

**Correct Answer: **compression buckling of web plate ✔

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**Option A:** increasing the web thickness

**Option B:** providing suitable stiffeners

**Option C:** increasing the length of the bearing plates

**Option D:** none of the above

**Correct Answer: **increasing the length of the bearing plates ✔

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**Option A:** 501

**Option B:** 851

**Option C:** 200 t

**Option D:** 2501

**Correct Answer: **851 ✔

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**Option A:** d/4

**Option B:** d/3

**Option C:** d/2

**Option D:** 2d/3

**Correct Answer: **d/3 ✔

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**Option A:** axial forces

**Option B:** shear and axial forces

**Option C:** shear and bending forces

**Option D:** axial and bending forces

**Correct Answer: **shear and bending forces ✔

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**Option A:** only (i)

**Option B:** both (i) and (ii)

**Option C:** both (i) and (iii)

**Option D:** (i), (ii) and (iii)

**Correct Answer: **both (i) and (iii) ✔

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**Option A:** 1.33 d

**Option B:** 1.25 d

**Option C:** 1.5 d

**Option D:** 1.75 d

**Correct Answer: **1.5 d ✔

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**Option A:** 650 mm

**Option B:** 810 mm

**Option C:** 1250 mm

**Option D:** 1680 mm

**Correct Answer: **1680 mm ✔

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**Option A:** 4 mm

**Option B:** 5 mm

**Option C:** 6 mm

**Option D:** 8 mm

**Correct Answer: **6 mm ✔

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**Option A:** zero

**Option B:** ±0.2p

**Option C:** ± 0.5 p

**Option D:** ±0.7p

**Correct Answer: **±0.2p ✔

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**Option A:** 0.65 kN/m2

**Option B:** 0.75 kN/m2

**Option C:** 1.35 kN/m2

**Option D:** 1.50 kN/m2

**Correct Answer: **0.65 kN/m2 ✔

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**Option A:** 10 m

**Option B:** 20 m

**Option C:** 25 m

**Option D:** 50 m

**Correct Answer: **10 m ✔

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**Option A:** degree of permeability of roof

**Option B:** slope of roof

**Option C:** both (A) and (B)

**Option D:** none of the above

**Correct Answer: **slope of roof ✔

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**Option A:** 4 zones

**Option B:** 5 zones

**Option C:** 6 zones

**Option D:** 7 zones

**Correct Answer: **6 zones ✔

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**Option A:** 1.5 d

**Option B:** 2.0 d

**Option C:** 2.5 d

**Option D:** 3.0 d

**Correct Answer: **3.0 d ✔

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**Option A:** weight of tank

**Option B:** wind pressure

**Option C:** water pressure

**Option D:** earthquake forces

**Correct Answer: **water pressure ✔

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**Option A:** 1000 litre

**Option B:** 1650 litre

**Option C:** 1950 litre

**Option D:** 2450 litre

**Correct Answer: **1950 litre ✔

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**Option A:** less than d

**Option B:** equal to d

**Option C:** more than d

**Option D:** any of the above

**Correct Answer: **more than d ✔

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**Option A:** 0

**Option B:** 0.5

**Option C:** between 0.5 and 1.0

**Option D:** 1.0

**Correct Answer: **0 ✔

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**Option A:** 1.23 m above the rail level

**Option B:** 1.50 m above the rail level

**Option C:** 1.83 m above the rail level

**Option D:** 2.13 m above the rail level

**Correct Answer: **1.83 m above the rail level ✔

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**Option A:** transfer load from top of end posts to bearings

**Option B:** keep the rectangular shape of the bridge cross-section

**Option C:** stiffen the structure laterally

**Option D:** prevent the sidesway buckling of top chord

**Correct Answer: **transfer load from top of end posts to bearings ✔

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**Option A:** bearing and shear

**Option B:** bending and shear

**Option C:** bearing and bending

**Option D:** bearing, shear and bending

**Correct Answer: **bearing, shear and bending ✔

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**Option A:** 1.18

**Option B:** 1.414

**Option C:** 1.67

**Option D:** 1.81

**Correct Answer: **1.18 ✔

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**Option A:** 1/12 of strain at the initiation of strain hardening and about 1/120 of maxi-mum strain

**Option B:** 1/2 of strain at the initiation of strain hardening and about 1/12 of maxi-mum strain

**Option C:** 1/12 of strain at the initiation of strain hardening and 1/200 of maximum strain

**Option D:** 1/24 of strain at the initiation of strain hardening and about 1/200 of maximum strain

**Correct Answer: **1/12 of strain at the initiation of strain hardening and 1/200 of maximum strain ✔

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**Option A:** linear

**Option B:** parabolic

**Option C:** constant moment for all curvatures

**Option D:** constant curvature for all moments

**Correct Answer: **constant moment for all curvatures ✔

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**Option A:** equilibrium and mechanism conditions

**Option B:** equilibrium and plastic moment conditions

**Option C:** mechanism and plastic moment conditions

**Option D:** equilibrium condition only

**Correct Answer: **equilibrium and plastic moment conditions ✔

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**Option A:** always equal to factor of safety

**Option B:** always less than factor of safety

**Option C:** always greater than factor of safety

**Option D:** sometimes greater than factor of safety

**Correct Answer: **always greater than factor of safety ✔

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**Option A:** equal to load factor in determinate structures

**Option B:** more than the load factor in determinate structures

**Option C:** less than the load factor in determinate structures

**Option D:** unpredictable

**Correct Answer: **more than the load factor in determinate structures ✔

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**Option A:** displacement

**Option B:** load

**Option C:** slope

**Option D:** moment

**Correct Answer: **displacement ✔

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**Option A:** 1.5

**Option B:** 1.7

**Option C:** 2.0

**Option D:** 2.34

**Correct Answer: **2.34 ✔

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**Option A:** 4.5 mm

**Option B:** 6 mm

**Option C:** 8 mm

**Option D:** 10 mm

**Correct Answer: **8 mm ✔

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**Option A:** are used to reduce the length of connection.

**Option B:** are unequal angles.

**Option C:** increases shear lag.

**Option D:** all the above

**Correct Answer: **are used to reduce the length of connection. ✔

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**Option A:** 75 t2/h

**Option B:** 125 t3/h2

**Option C:** 125 t2/h

**Option D:** 175 t2/h

**Correct Answer: **125 t2/h ✔

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**Option A:** reduced by 25 %

**Option B:** reduced by 33.3%

**Option C:** increased by 25 %

**Option D:** increased by 33.3 %

**Correct Answer: **reduced by 33.3% ✔

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## In moment resistant connections, the moment resistance of riveted connection depends upon__________?

**Option A:** shear in rivets

**Option B:** compression in rivets

**Option C:** tension in rivets

**Option D:** strength of rivets in bearing

**Correct Answer: **tension in rivets ✔

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**Option A:** 500 mm

**Option B:** 600 mm

**Option C:** 1000 mm

**Option D:** 300 mm

**Correct Answer: **1000 mm ✔

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**Option A:** decrease in h/t ratio

**Option B:** increase in h/t ratio

**Option C:** decrease in thickness

**Option D:** increase in height

**Correct Answer: **increase in h/t ratio ✔

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**Option A:** bottom chord area

**Option B:** top chord area

**Option C:** effective span of bridge

**Option D:** heaviest axle load of engine

**Correct Answer: **bottom chord area ✔

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**Option A:** stringer beam

**Option B:** lintel beam

**Option C:** spandrel beam

**Option D:** header beam

**Correct Answer: **spandrel beam ✔

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**Option A:** equal angles back to back

**Option B:** unqual legged angles with long legs back to back

**Option C:** unequal legged angles with short legs back to back

**Option D:** both (B) or (C)

**Correct Answer: **unqual legged angles with long legs back to back ✔

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**Option A:** 1.5dV/C

**Option B:** 1.5d¥/C

**Option C:** 1.5d¥/C2

**Option D:** 1.5dY/C3

**Correct Answer: **1.5d¥/C ✔

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**Option A:** 0.55 Awfy

**Option B:** 0.65 Awfy

**Option C:** 0.75 Awfy

**Option D:** 0.85 Awfy

**Correct Answer: **0.55 Awfy ✔

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**Option A:** (i) and (ii) are correct

**Option B:** (i), (ii) and (iii) are correct

**Option C:** (ii) and (iii) are correct

**Option D:** only (i) is correct

**Correct Answer: **(i) and (ii) are correct ✔

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**Option A:** equilibrium condition

**Option B:** yield condition

**Option C:** plastic moment condition

**Option D:** mechanism condition

**Correct Answer: **equilibrium condition ✔

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**Option A:** is equal to 1

**Option B:** is always less than 1

**Option C:** is always greater than 1

**Option D:** can be less than 1

**Correct Answer: **is always greater than 1 ✔

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**Option A:** equilibrium and mechanism conditions

**Option B:** equilibrium and plastic moment conditions

**Option C:** mechanism and plastic moment conditions

**Option D:** equilibrium condition only

**Correct Answer: **equilibrium and mechanism conditions ✔

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**Option A:** only on the ultimate stress of the material

**Option B:** only on the yield stress of the material

**Option C:** only on the geometry of the section

**Option D:** both on the yield stress and ultimate stress of material

**Correct Answer: **only on the geometry of the section ✔

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**Option A:** lower and upper bounds respectively on the strength of structure

**Option B:** upper and lower bounds respectively on the strength of structure

**Option C:** lower bound on the strength of structure

**Option D:** upper bound on the strength of structure

**Correct Answer: **upper and lower bounds respectively on the strength of structure ✔

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**Option A:** rectangular beams up to 300 mm depth

**Option B:** all rectangular beams

**Option C:** solid circular beams only

**Option D:** all square cross-section beams

**Correct Answer: **rectangular beams up to 300 mm depth ✔

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**Option A:** 0.5 D

**Option B:** 0.68 D

**Option C:** 0.88 D

**Option D:** D

**Correct Answer: **0.88 D ✔

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**Option A:** sway bracing

**Option B:** portal bracing

**Option C:** top lateral bracing

**Option D:** bottom lateral bracing

**Correct Answer: **portal bracing ✔

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**Option A:** 2Vi % of the top panel wind load to bottom bracing

**Option B:** 10% of the top panel wind load to bottom bracing

**Option C:** 25% of the top panel wind load to bottom bracing

**Option D:** 50% of the top panel wind load to bottom bracing

**Correct Answer: **50% of the top panel wind load to bottom bracing ✔

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**Option A:** only (i)

**Option B:** only (ii)

**Option C:** both (i) and (ii)

**Option D:** none of the above

**Correct Answer: **only (i) ✔

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**Option A:** deck type

**Option B:** through type

**Option C:** half through type

**Option D:** double deck type

**Correct Answer: **through type ✔

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**Option A:** horizontal shear due to wind or earthquake only

**Option B:** horizontal, shear due to wind or earthquake + 2.5% of column loads

**Option C:** column loads + 2.5% of horizontal shear due to wind or earthquake

**Option D:** column loads + full horizontal shear due to wind or earthquake

**Correct Answer: **horizontal, shear due to wind or earthquake + 2.5% of column loads ✔

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**Option A:** angle section

**Option B:** channel section

**Option C:** box type section

**Option D:** any of the above

**Correct Answer: **box type section ✔

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## The allowable tensile stress in structural mild steel plates for steel tank is assumed as__________?

**Option A:** 95.0 MPa on net area

**Option B:** 105.5 MPa on net area

**Option C:** 105.5 MPa on gross area

**Option D:** 150.0 MPa on gross area

**Correct Answer: **105.5 MPa on net area ✔

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**Option A:** 10% of wall area

**Option B:** 20% of wall area

**Option C:** 30% of wall area

**Option D:** 50% of wall area

**Correct Answer: **20% of wall area ✔

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**Option A:** mean probable design life of structures

**Option B:** basic wind speed

**Option C:** both (A) and (B)

**Option D:** none of the above

**Correct Answer: **both (A) and (B) ✔

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**Option A:** ± 0.2

**Option B:** ±0.5

**Option C:** ± 0.7

**Option D:** 0

**Correct Answer: **± 0.7 ✔

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**Option A:** pa V

**Option B:** paV2

**Option C:** p a (1/V)

**Option D:** paV”2

**Correct Answer: **paV2 ✔

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**Option A:** axial force in rafter

**Option B:** shear force in rafter

**Option C:** deflection of rafter

**Option D:** bending moment in rafter

**Correct Answer: **bending moment in rafter ✔

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**Option A:** 26’/2°

**Option B:** 30°

**Option C:** 35°

**Option D:** 40°

**Correct Answer: **30° ✔

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**Option A:** L/3 to L/5

**Option B:** L/4to2L/5

**Option C:** L/3 to L/2

**Option D:** 2L/5 to 3L/5 where L is span

**Correct Answer: **L/3 to L/5 ✔

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**Option A:** horizontal shear only

**Option B:** vertical load only

**Option C:** both (A. and (B.

**Option D:** none of the above

**Correct Answer: **horizontal shear only ✔

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**Option A:** lateral loads

**Option B:** longitudinal loads and vertical loads

**Option C:** lateral, longitudinal and vertical loads

**Option D:** lateral and longitudinal loads

**Correct Answer: **lateral, longitudinal and vertical loads ✔

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**Option A:** transfer the load from the top flange to the bottom one

**Option B:** prevent buckling of web

**Option C:** decrease the effective depth of web

**Option D:** prevent excessive deflection

**Correct Answer: **prevent buckling of web ✔

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## As per IS : 800, for compression flange, the outstand of flange plates should not exceed__________?

**Option A:** 121

**Option B:** 161

**Option C:** 201

**Option D:** 251

**Correct Answer: **161 ✔

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**Option A:** 5 mm

**Option B:** 6 mm

**Option C:** 8 mm

**Option D:** 10 mm

**Correct Answer: **6 mm ✔

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**Option A:** vertical intermediate stiffener

**Option B:** horizontal stiffener at neutral axis

**Option C:** bearing stiffener

**Option D:** none of the above

**Correct Answer: **vertical intermediate stiffener ✔

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**Option A:** 100

**Option B:** 120

**Option C:** 145

**Option D:** 180

**Correct Answer: **145 ✔

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**Option A:** 10° to 30°

**Option B:** 30° to 40°

**Option C:** 40° to 70°

**Option D:** 90°

**Correct Answer: **40° to 70° ✔

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**Option A:** prohibited

**Option B:** not prohibited

**Option C:** permitted at start and end of lacing system only

**Option D:** permitted between two parts of the lacing

**Correct Answer: **permitted at start and end of lacing system only ✔

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**Option A:** lacing

**Option B:** battening

**Option C:** tie plates

**Option D:** perforated cover plates

**Correct Answer: **lacing ✔

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**Option A:** it is uneconomical

**Option B:** it cannot carry the load safely

**Option C:** it is difficult to connect beams to the round sections

**Option D:** all of the above

**Correct Answer: **it is difficult to connect beams to the round sections ✔

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**Option A:** 1:1

**Option B:** 1 : V2

**Option C:** V2 : 1

**Option D:** 2: 1

**Correct Answer: **V2 : 1 ✔

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**Option A:** more

**Option B:** less

**Option C:** equal

**Option D:** none of the above

**Correct Answer: **more ✔

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**Option A:** 0.67 L

**Option B:** 0.8 L

**Option C:** L

**Option D:** 1.5 L

**Correct Answer: **0.8 L ✔

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**Option A:** 180

**Option B:** 200

**Option C:** 250

**Option D:** 350

**Correct Answer: **180 ✔

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**Option A:** 1.0

**Option B:** 1.4

**Option C:** 1.8

**Option D:** 2.0

**Correct Answer: **1.4 ✔

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**Option A:** 150

**Option B:** 180

**Option C:** 250

**Option D:** 350

**Correct Answer: **250 ✔

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**Option A:** lesser of 200 mm and 12 t

**Option B:** lesser of 200 mm and 161

**Option C:** lesser of 300 mm and 32 t

**Option D:** lesser of 3 00 mm and 24 t

**Correct Answer: **lesser of 200 mm and 12 t ✔

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**Option A:** 1.8 L

**Option B:** L

**Option C:** 1.1 L

**Option D:** 1.5 L

**Correct Answer: **L ✔

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## The slenderness ratio of a column supported throughout its length by a masonry wall is__________?

**Option A:** zero

**Option B:** 10

**Option C:** 100

**Option D:** infinity

**Correct Answer: **zero ✔

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**Option A:** effective throat thickness

**Option B:** plate thickness

**Option C:** size of weld

**Option D:** penetration thickness

**Correct Answer: **effective throat thickness ✔

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**Option A:** two times the weld size

**Option B:** four times the weld size

**Option C:** six times the weld size

**Option D:** weld size

**Correct Answer: **four times the weld size ✔

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## When the bolts are subjected to reversal of stresses, the most suitable type of bolt is__________?

**Option A:** black bolt

**Option B:** ordinary unfinished bolt

**Option C:** turned and fitted bolt

**Option D:** high strength bolt

**Correct Answer: **high strength bolt ✔

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**Option A:** shear

**Option B:** bending

**Option C:** axial tension

**Option D:** shear and bending

**Correct Answer: **axial tension ✔

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**Option A:** 40%

**Option B:** 50%

**Option C:** 60%

**Option D:** 70%

**Correct Answer: **60% ✔

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**Option A:** stronger

**Option B:** weaker

**Option C:** equally strong

**Option D:** any of the above

**Correct Answer: **stronger ✔

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